Dr Koplan is
Vice President for Academic Health Affairs at Emory University.
He was formerly Director of the US Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention (CDC), a post he held from 1998 to 2002.
He started his
26-year public health service and CDC career as an Epidemic Intelligence
Service officer in 1972, working in the World Health Organization
(WHO) Smallpox Eradication Programme. He has made contributions
in the battle against the major burdens of infectious disease, environmental
hazards, chronic disease and unintentional injuries. From 1989 to
1994, Dr Koplan served as Assistant Surgeon General and the first
director of the CDC's National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention
and Health Promotion. From 1994 to 1998, he was director and president
of the Prudential Center for Health Care Research which conducts
health services and outcomes research.
Dr Koplan regularly
serves as a consultant to the World Bank and the WHO on public health
programs. He has worked in Finland on cardiovascular programs, consulted
on infectious and chronic disease issue in China for over 20 years,
and designed efforts to prevent chronic disease in Hungary. In 1984,
he led the US team investigating the Bhopal chemical disaster in
India. He was also responsible for developing surveillance and epidemic
investigation capability in ten Caribbean nations while based in
Trinidad and Tobago.
Dr Koplan is
also very active in public service in the US. He was Chairman of
the Public Health Service Executive Committee on AIDS from 1982
to 1984, a member of the advisory committee to the CEO of the American
Cancer Society and was on the Advisory Board of the Agency for Health
Care Policy and Research (now Agency for Healthcare Research and
Quality, which is a part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human
Services. It is the lead agency charged with sponsoring and conducting
research designed to improve the quality of healthcare).